诠鼎集团力推 Semtech SX1230 ISM频段无钥匙进入（RKE）解决方案
Semtech 公司的SX1230 是窄带/宽带315 MHz, 434 MHz 868 MHz和915 MHz ISM频段发送器，可编程输出功率从+17 dBm 到-18 dBm，比特速率高达600kbps，FSK, GFSK, MSK, GMSK 和OOK调制，单独使用时不需要主MCU，在1.8V-3.7V时有恒定的RF性能，低相位噪音（50kHz时为-95 dBc/Hz），主要用在无钥匙进入（RKE）系统，遥控和安全系统，语音和数据通信链接，生产过程和建筑物/家庭控制，有源RFID，AMR/AMI平台。本文介绍了SX1230主要特性，简化方框图，单独应用电路图以及多种输出功率匹配电路图，无钥匙进入系统（RKS）交钥匙参考设计主要特性，详细电路图和材料清单。
The SX1230 is a fully integrated transmitter which can operate in the 315, 434, 868 and 915 MHz licence free ISM bands.
The transmitter has two modes of operation, a conventional MCU controlled mode and a ‘stand-alone’ mode which enables the SX1230 to download configuration and messages from an E2PROM in response to a user input.
Stand-alone mode makes the SX1230 ideal for miniaturized or low cost remote keyless entry (RKE) applications. It also offers the unique advantage of narrow-band and wide-band communication in a range of modulation formats. The SX1230 offers high RF output power and channelized operation suited for the European (ETSI EN 300-220-1),North American (FCC part 15.231, 15.247 and 15.249) and Japanese (ARIB T-67) regulatory standards.
．+17 dBm to -18 dBm Programmable output power.
Turnkey Reference Design for Remote Keyless Entry System
A remote keyless system (RKS) is a system designed to remotely permit or deny access to premises or automobiles.
In the case of automobiles an RKS performs the functions of a standard car key without physical contact; power door systems can be locked or unlocked from several feet away or even from inside a building.
A remote keyless system can include both a remote keyless entry system (RKE) and a remote keyless ignition system (RKI).
Remote keyless systems first began appearing as an option on several American Motors vehicles in 1983. Most RKE systems operate at 315MHz in North America and Japan, and 433.92 MHz in Europe. Modern systems implement encryption to prevent car thieves from intercepting and spoofing the signal.
The functions of a remote keyless entry system are contained on a key fob or built into the ignition key handle itself. Buttons are dedicated to locking or unlocking the doors and opening the trunk (or, on sport utility vehicles and station wagons, unlock/open the rear tailgate). Some cars will also close any open windows and roof when remotely locking the car. Some remote keyless fobs also feature a red panic button which activates the car alarm as a standard feature.
Some car engines with remote keyless ignition systems can be started by the push of a button on the key fob. For offices or residences, the system can also be coupled with the security system, garage door opener or remotely activated lighting devices.
The SX1230-13RKEA433 reference design kit provides a turnkey platform for highly secure, low-power, multi-band wireless remote keyless entry (RKE) systems. This RKE kit integrates Semtech’s high-performance transmitter, tranceiver and switching regulator ICs with Microchip’s KEELOQ® code-hopping technology running on PIC® microcontrollers (MCUs). The kit helps simplify and accelerate the development of secure, high-performance and cost-effective RKE systems for vehicles, office buildings and homes, and provides a single platform that works across virtually all major frequency regulations.
The RKE reference-design hardware includes transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) boards, multi-band PCB antenna and Microchip MCUs, and runs Microchip’s KEELOQ code-hopping encryption software. Confidential information is stored inside the Flash memory of the PIC microcontroller, while the KEELOQ security algorithm encrypts the information in the RF transmission packets prior to any RF transmission, unlike some existing RKE systems in the market.
The Tx board pairs Semtech’s SX1230 industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) band transmitter with Microchip’s PIC16F631 or PIC16F677 8-bit MCUs. The Rx board employs Semtech’s SX1211 or SX1212 ISM transceivers with Microchip’s PIC16F631 or PIC16F677 MCUs. The RKE reference design also uses Semtech’s SC120 switching regulator -- the world’s smallest low VIN boost converter in a 1.5x2x0.6mm package.
Turnkey hardware and software RKE reference design, including:
- Hardware: integrated RF ICs, multi-band PCB antenna, MCU
- Software: KEELOQ code-hopping technology software
- Encrypts all RF packets before sending, no plain text sent over air
- Code-hopping encryption produces unique RF transmission each time.
Saves design cost and time
- Same design supports multi-band (315, 434, 868, 915MHz) and multiple modulation formats (FSK, OOK, ASK)
No tuning for lower production costs
Long range: programmable POUT up to +17dBm